- Aniline Dyeing: The process of dyeing leather in a
drum with natural aniline dyes, which fully penetrate the hide.
- Buffing: An abrasive process that smoothes natural
bumps and blemishes without effecting the natural character of the
- Corrected Grain: The outer surface of the hide
that has been gently sanded off.
- Embossing: A stamping process that restores grain
texture removed by the buffing process.
- Fat Wrinkle: Wrinkles only visible in top grain
leathers. They are part of the natural beauty of the leather.
- Finishing: Any processing
occurring after the
initial dyeing such as embossing or buffing.
- Full Top Grain: Leather in which the surface is
left in its natural state, with all of the graining and markings
- Hand: Describes leather's feel and softness.
- Hand Rubbing: Craftsman rub a contrasting color
onto leather to intensify the natural grain.
- Hides: Skins from cattle or other large animals.
- Leather: The collective term for all hides and
skins which have been tanned.
- Liming: Chemical process use to remove hair from
- Milling: Tanned hides are tumbled in drums using
heat and water to soften the hand or enhance the grain.
- Natural Grains: Natural appearance of leather. The
grain has not been altered in any way.
- Patina: The process where leather surfaces grow
more attractive with time and use.
- Pigmented: Topical color coating placed on a
- Pure Aniline: Hide that receives its only coloring
- Sauvage: Two-tone dyeing technique that adds depth
and character to leather.
- Semi-Aniline: Aniline-dyed and slightly enhanced
leather that is covered with a clear coating to ensure color
consistency and provide protection against spills.
- Split: The bottom portion of the hide which is
split away from the top grain.
- Tanning: The art of making leather from rawhides.
- Topcoat: Resin applied to leather as a coating to
form a high gloss or matte finish.
- Top Grain: The top surface of the hide.
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Last modified January 20, 2013